While it is clear that women have come a long way and found their place in the workforce, some aspects of that battle still remain a question. As a new report released by the White House proves that women have made substantial gains in education and in the workforce, it also shows some disheartening information about differences in salary between men and women. According to an article posted at BNET, the report suggests that women still earn only about 75% of what men do.
The article states that since women earn less money than men do, and they are more frequently the sole provider for their children, more women live in poverty than men do. Almost 40% of females that are the sole provider and also the head of their household who still care for children under the age of 18, are poor with little or very few changes in the statistic over the last 30 years. Wwith women showing some impressive progress in education and the workforce over the years and recently, the fact that they still earn significantly less than men do is surprising. Even those who are educated and go to college to earn their degrees aren’t making a dent in that wage gap.
The White House report shows that women have higher graduation rates at all levels of education, and in 2009, about 87% of women 19 years of age or older had a high school degree, a percentage that is higher than men of the same age bracket. Also in 2009, half of the people employed in managerial or professional positions were women and in the last 50 years, the amount of women in the labor force has nearly doubled from 32% to 61%. On the other hand, men’s participation in the workforce has fallen from 89% to 75%. By 2019, 60% of all college students are expected to be women. So, with all this the obvious question remains: why are women still making less than men are?
The Department of Commerce Acting Deputy Secretary suggests that the reason women may earn less pay than men do may be because more men work in high-paying fields, such as science, technology, engineering, and math. She added that it may also be because women are more likely to work in administrative jobs, which when compared to other professions and careers, are likely to pay significantly less. Other reports suggest that the reason women earn less than men do is because they are more likely to work less and work more in part-time jobs because they are more likely to take time off to care for their children.
Still, women aren’t always the only ones affected in the workforce. Because of the economic downturns in recent years, many jobs that are mostly occupied by men, such as manufacturing, production, and construction, have been hit hard, leaving more men unemployed than women. Unemployment of men rose to 7.7% , while unemployment of women is at 4.4%, the article stated.
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